Although it is an old book, the interesting and different about it is the special preoccupation to clarify the philosophical, historical and anthropological views that serve as presupposition of each linguistic models and approaches.
A comprehensive, clearly written introduction to historical linguistic theory and methods. Thoroughly revised, this edition draws on recent linguistic and archaeological research, incorporating key developments and advances.
This textbook is a self-contained introduction to linguistics for beginning students. It offers a unified approach to language from several perspectives. A language is a complex structure represented in the minds of its speakers, and this book introduces the tools necessary for understanding this structure. In addition, it focuses on how small children acquire their native language; the psychological processes which are involved in mature speakers producing and understanding language; linguistic difficulties that arise as a consequence of brain damage or genetic disorders; and additional issues that arise when we consider individual speakers as part of a social community.
Argues that the subjective evaluation of the product must give way to a descriptive and objective attempt to reveal the workings of the process (ie translating). Without such a shift, translation theory will continue outside the mainstream of intellectual activity in human sciences and fail to take its rightful place as a major field in applied Linguistics.
The dynamics of immigration, international commerce and the postcolonial world make it inevitable that much translation is done into a second language, despite the prevailing wisdom that translators should only work into their mother tongue. This book is the first study to explore the phenomenon of translation into a second language in a way that will interest applied linguists, translators and translation teachers, and ESOL teachers working with advanced level students. Rather than seeing translation into a second language as deficient output, this study adopts an interlanguage framework to consider L2 translation as the product of developing competence; learning to translate is seen as a special variety of second language acquisition. Through carefully worked case studies, separate components of translation competence are identified, among them the ability to create stylistically authentic texts in English, the ability to monitor and edit output, and the psychological attitudes that the translator brings to the task. While the case studies mainly deal with Arabic speakers undergoing translator training in Australia, the conclusions will have implications for translation into a second language, especially English, around the world. Translation into the Second Language is firmly grounded in empirical research, and in this regard it serves as a stimulus and a methodological guide for further research. It will be a valuable addition for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of applied linguistics, translation theory, bilingualism and second language acquisition as well as those involved in teaching or practicing translation at a professional level.
This is a brief, accessible dictionary of applied linguistics terms. The entries have been linked alphabetically, but have the detailed explanations and examples of an encyclopedia. The book includes explanations of current terms, concepts, theories and methodologies.
This is the definitive survey of the English language - in all its forms. Crystal writes accessibly about the structure of the language, the uses of English throughout the world and finally he gives a brief history of English. The book has been fully revised and there is a fascinating new chapter on 'The effect of technology' on the English language.
"Analysing Discourse" is an accessible introductory textbook for all students and researchers working with real language data. Drawing on a range of social theorists from Bourdieu to Habermas, as well as his own research, Norman Fairclough's book presents a form of language analysis with a consistently social perspective. His approach is illustrated by and investigated through a range of real texts, from written texts, to a TV debate about the monarchy and a radio broadcast about the Lockerbie bombing. The student-friendly book also offers accessible summaries, an appendix of example texts, and a glossary of terms and key theorists.
This truly comprehensive work is doubly innovative: it goes beyond the abstract presentation of translation issues and concepts and it is interactive, containing many exercises and readings to help readers explore all aspects of translation theory and improve their translation skills. Add to this the use of English back translation ... and you have a resource that is destined to enjoy broad appeal and become a primary textbook for undergraduate and graduate programs in translation, modern languages and linguistics.
Cognitive linguistics is a relatively new theory of language that challenges many of the basic assumptions of traditional approaches. In "Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction", David Lee, drawing on his long-standing interest in the relationship between language and perspective, sets out to make the theory accessible to readers who have no prior training in the discipline.
A lively introduction to morphology, this textbook is intended for undergraduates with relatively little background in linguistics. It shows students how to find and analyze morphological data and presents them with basic concepts and terminology concerning the mental lexicon, inflection, derivation, morphological typology, productivity, and the interfaces between morphology and syntax on the one hand and phonology on the other. By the end of the text students are ready to understand morphological theory and how to support or refute theoretical proposals. Providing data from a wide variety of languages, the text includes hands-on activities designed to encourage students to gather and analyse their own data. The third edition has been thoroughly updated with new examples and exercises.
Over the years, the author has become the historian par excellence of the generative movement in linguistics. Very informative and detailed, brings together challenging essays on the 'Chomskyan revolution' and reappraises the debates that have now been going on for some thirty years. This makes this book particularly valuable to linguists.
Phonetics is an essential part of linguistics, as it is through analysing spoken language that linguistic data is collected. This book leads the reader through the main areas of phonetics, including how speech sounds are made and how phoneticians classify them in certain ways, the International Phonetic Alphabet, and how sounds are transmitted from speaker to hearer.
Psycholinguists have shown that the comprehension and production of even the simplest language is a highly complex, almost miraculous, process. This brief introduction shows how psycholinguistic research can act as a window to the workings of the human mind.
This book has two major themes: firstly, it discusses psycholinguistic and cognitive aspects of language learning, and secondly, it looks at the contrast between universalist accounts of language learning and accounts which focus on individual differences between learners. Interwoven throughout is a focus on practical applications of these themes in task-based learning and language testing.