This thorough introduction to second language research provides a comprehensive review of the research into learner language, internal and external factors in language acquisition, individual differences, and classroom second language learning.
This book is an encyclopedic survey of second language acquisition research as it has developed over the last forty years. It provides sections on learner language, the role of the linguistic environment and social context, internal mechanisms, individual learner differences, and the role of instruction. It provides a balanced account by representing a variety of perspectives, including cognitive, linguistic, sociocultural, and neurolinguistic.
In "Sentence Structure", Nigel Fabb outlines the main aspects of English sentence structure. "Sentence Structure": is based on a problem-solving approach to language, can be used as an introduction to English grammar and/or to the theory of syntax, teaches a simple method for confident and accurate sentence analysis, contains over eighty practical exercises includes sample sentences from four Asian and African languages to provide a basis for comparative linguistics.
In "Style", John Haynes provides a lively introduction to the study of expression in relation to meaning. Style: * introduces readers to the key areas in the study of style through practical exercises * encourages an interest in and sensitivity to words and structures * enables students to recognize contrasts within and between texts * heightens awareness with regards to word choice, meaning, communicative purpose and stylistic convention * examines an enormous variety of text-types; both literary and non-literary, spoken and written * in addition to numerous exercises, contains suggestions for project work.
An introduction to the study of modern linguistics aimed at the non-specialist. It deals mainly with English but also covers other languages. It looks at the methods used to establish rules of form, meaning and use and the means by which language is employed in communication.
"Cognitive Grammar" offers a radical alternative to mainstream linguistic theories. This book introduces the theory in clear, non-technical language, relates it to current debates about the nature of linguistic knowledge, and applies it to in-depth analyses of a range of topics in semantics, syntax, morphology, and phonology. Study questions and suggestions for further reading accompany each of the main chapters.
In "Language Change" , R. L. Trask uses data from English and other languages to introduce the concepts central to language change. Language Change: covers the most frequent types of language change and how languages are born and die uses data-based exercises to show how languages change looks at other key areas such as attitudes to language change, and the consequences of changing language.
This bestselling textbook provides an engaging and user-friendly introduction to the study of language. Assuming no prior knowledge of the subject, Yule presents information in bite-sized sections, clearly explaining the major concepts in linguistics through all the key elements of language. This sixth edition has been revised and updated throughout, with substantial changes made to the chapters on phonetics, grammar and syntax, and eighty new study questions. To increase student engagement and to foster problem-solving and critical thinking skills, the book also includes twenty new tasks. An expanded and revised online study guide provides students with further resources, including answers and tutorials for all tasks, while encouraging lively and proactive learning. This is the most fundamental and easy-to-use introduction to the study of language.
Cognitive linguistics is a relatively new theory of language that challenges many of the basic assumptions of traditional approaches. In "Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction", David Lee, drawing on his long-standing interest in the relationship between language and perspective, sets out to make the theory accessible to readers who have no prior training in the discipline.