In the late 1970s a new academic discipline was born: Translation Studies. We could not read literature in translation, it was argued, without asking ourselves if linguistic and cultural phenomena really were 'translatable' and exploring in some depth the concept of 'equivalence'. When Susan Bassnett's Translation Studies appeared in the New Accents series, it quickly became the essential introduction to this new subject. Susan Bassnett tackles the crucial problems of translation and offers a history of translation theory, beginning with the ancient Romans and encompassing key twentieth-century structuralist work. She then explores specific problems of literary translation through a close, practical analysis of texts, and completes her book with extensive suggestions for further reading. Twenty years after publication, the field of translation studies continues to grow. Updated for the second time, Susan Bassnett's Translation Studies remains essential reading for anyone new to the field.
The dynamics of immigration, international commerce and the postcolonial world make it inevitable that much translation is done into a second language, despite the prevailing wisdom that translators should only work into their mother tongue. This book is the first study to explore the phenomenon of translation into a second language in a way that will interest applied linguists, translators and translation teachers, and ESOL teachers working with advanced level students. Rather than seeing translation into a second language as deficient output, this study adopts an interlanguage framework to consider L2 translation as the product of developing competence; learning to translate is seen as a special variety of second language acquisition. Through carefully worked case studies, separate components of translation competence are identified, among them the ability to create stylistically authentic texts in English, the ability to monitor and edit output, and the psychological attitudes that the translator brings to the task. While the case studies mainly deal with Arabic speakers undergoing translator training in Australia, the conclusions will have implications for translation into a second language, especially English, around the world. Translation into the Second Language is firmly grounded in empirical research, and in this regard it serves as a stimulus and a methodological guide for further research. It will be a valuable addition for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of applied linguistics, translation theory, bilingualism and second language acquisition as well as those involved in teaching or practicing translation at a professional level.
Tom obejmuje czternaście artykułów, które prezentują określony sposób uprawiania przekładoznawstwa, oparty na zróżnicowaniu metodologicznym i materiałowym. Całość została podzielona na dwie części. W pierwszej znajdują się studia poświęcone poszczególnym aspektom kulturowym, głównie zanurzeniu w danej kulturze nazw własnych i neologizmów, a więc faktów językowych trudnych do przełożenia, zwłaszcze ze względu na związane z nimi asocjacje. Część druga zawiera atrykuły także dotyczące inności kulturowej, tym razem ilustrowanej m.in. różnicami w mentalności między porównywanymi tekstami, innymi uwarunkowaniami pragmatycznymi, np. ich odegłością w czasie itp.
Includes bibliographical references (p. -581) and index.
This book covers the history of the theory and practice of translation from Cicero to the digital age. It examines all major processes of translation, offers critical accounts of current research, and compares competing theoretical perspectives. It considers all kinds of translation from sacred texts, poetry, fiction, and sign language to remote, consecutive, and simultaneous interpretation in legal, diplomatic, and commercial contexts. The two opening parts of the book consider the history of translation theory and central concepts in the study of translation. Parts III, IV, and V cover the written text, the interpretation of speech and sign language, and the role of translation in mixed-mode and multimedia contexts. Part VI considers the contributions and challenges of information technology including the uses and limitations of machine technology. The final part looks at the teaching and training of translators and interpreters. The book concludes with a comprehensive bibliography and index.
Technical translation (and technical terminology) encompasses the translation of special language texts. 1. Style and Register covers clarity of style, culture-specific and author-reader conventions and expectation. 2. Special Applications deals with the contribution of translation to the dissemination of science. 3. Training and Autodidactic Approaches for Technical Translators: translators must master a broad range of frequently unanticipated topics, as well as linguistic competence. 4. Text Analysis and Text Typology as Tools for Technical Translators focuses attention on text typology and SGML in human translation and CAT. 5. Translation-Oriented Terminology Activities explores the different aspects of terminology: knowledge management, language planning, terminology resources and representation of concept systems.
As a research area, education in the fields of translation and interpreting has received growing attention in recent years, with the increasing professionalization of the language-mediation sector demanding ever more highly trained employees with broader repertoires. This trend is evidenced in the present collection, which addresses issues in pedagogy in a variety of translation and interpreting domains. A global range of contributors discuss teaching, evaluation, professionalization and competence as they apply to an array of educational and linguistic situations. Translator and Interpreter Training: Issues, Methods and Debates presents an in-depth consideration of the issues involved in this area of translation and interpreting studies, and will be of interest to all students and academics working and researching in the field.
At conferences and in the literature on community interpreting there is one burning issue that reappears constantly: the interpreter’s role. What are the norms by which the facilitators of communication shape their role? Is there indeed only one role for the community interpreter or are there several? Is community interpreting aimed at facilitating communication, empowering individuals by giving them a voice or, in wider terms, at redressing the power balance in society? In this volume scholars and practitioners from different countries address these questions, offering a representative sample of ongoing research into community interpreting in the Western world, of interest to all who have a stake in this form of interpreting. The opening chapter establishes the wider contextual and theoretical framework for the debate. It is followed by a section dealing with codes and standards and then moves on to explore the interpreter’s role in various different settings: courts and police, healthcare, schools, occupational settings and social services.
Argues that the subjective evaluation of the product must give way to a descriptive and objective attempt to reveal the workings of the process (ie translating). Without such a shift, translation theory will continue outside the mainstream of intellectual activity in human sciences and fail to take its rightful place as a major field in applied Linguistics.
This truly comprehensive work is doubly innovative: it goes beyond the abstract presentation of translation issues and concepts and it is interactive, containing many exercises and readings to help readers explore all aspects of translation theory and improve their translation skills. Add to this the use of English back translation ... and you have a resource that is destined to enjoy broad appeal and become a primary textbook for undergraduate and graduate programs in translation, modern languages and linguistics.
W niniejszej książce autor próbuje udzielić odpowiedzi na pytania: czym jest przekład, czym jest przekładoznawstwo, na czym polega trudność tłumaczenia, jakie są podstawowe problemy przekładu, jakich technik używają tłumacze do rozwiązywania różnych problemów. Są to podstawowe zagadnienia przekładoznawstwa, tłumaczenie jest tematem bardzo złożonym.