The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management offers a comprehensive and timely analysis of the nature and importance of innovation and the strategies and practices that can be used to improve organizational benefits from innovation. Innovation is centrally important for business and national competitiveness, and for the quality and standard of living around the world, but it does not happen by itself. For innovation to succeed, it needs to be properly managed. With contributions from 49 world-leading scholars, the Handbook explores the many sources of innovation, the broader social, economic, and technological contexts that encourage and constrain it, and the cutting-edge strategies and practices of innovation management.
Globalization and its relation to poverty reduction and development are not well understood. This book explores the ways in which globalization can overcome poverty or make it worse. The book defines the big historical trends, identifies the main globalization processes--trade, finance, aid, migration, and ideas - and examines how each can contribute to economic development. By considering what helps and what does not, the book presents policy recommendations to make globalization more effective as a vehicle for shared growth and poverty reduction. It will be of interest to students, researchers, and anyone concerned with the effects of globalization on international development.
Between 1789 and 1902 the direction of education in England had passed from the Church to the State. This book is a history of that change which culminated in the Education Act of 1902, passed, ironically enough, by a Conservative Government in the face of bitter Radical and Liberal opposition. For it was the Radicals who, in the early part of the nineteenth century, were preaching the doctrine of 'useful knowledge'. Hitherto, religion had been the leading aim of English education and the universities (there were only two) and the public and grammar schools were founded on that premise. The immense advances in scientific knowledge were reflected in changes in the curricula of schools and universities where the classics and divinity had to yield ground to the physical sciences. Professor Adamson describes the Education Act of 1870 and the Cross Commission on religious teaching in schools, the new systems of university education and the muddle resulting from administrative overlapping. He concludes his book with a description of the schoolmasters profession at the end of the nineteenth century.
Containing 29 stories all originally published in the "Strand", this collection provides a rich mix of horror and the supernatural for all lovers of the macabre. In addition to ghost stories, there are tales of unnatural disasters, of horrifying monsters, of madness and revenge, and even comic fantasies. As well as chilling contributions from Graham Greene, Conan Doyle, H.G.Wells, Villiers de l'Isle Adam, and Sapper, there are unsettling stories from the more unlikely pens of Beverley Nichols, D.H.Lawrence, and children's writer E.Nesbit.
When Christmas comes for the four March girls, there is no money for expensive presents and they give away their Christmas breakfast to a poor family. But there are no happier girls in America than Meg, Jo, Beth, and Amy. They miss their father, of course, who is away at the Civil War, but they try hard to be good so that he will be proud of his 'little women' when he comes home. This heart-warming story of family life has been popular for more than a hundred years. An Oxford Bookworms Library reader for learners of English, adapted from the Louisa May Alcott original by John Escott.
Assessing Reading gives the classroom teacher all they need to construct reading tests. First of all, it covers the question--what is reading. You might be surprised to learn that we don't really know what reading is. Next, the author introduces several theories on how to assess reading skills. The meat of the book, however, is the detailed examination of several testing methods. Using theories of reading, you will be able to more accurately assess the reading skills of your students. I recommend this for teachers who are teaching reading. This book will help you to understand some of the processes behind what your students are doing while reading.
These cogent essays on linguistic theory explore Noam Chomsky's influential concept of generative grammar. The readings form a coherent outline of transformational theory, the distinguished author and educator's controversial challenge to structural linguistics. They rely chiefly on Chomsky’s own words, but their arrangement is such that nonspecialists will have no difficulty in following the text. Topics include syntactic structure, features, and categories; phonology, syntax, and semantics; language acquisition; and the implications of transformational theory for language teaching.
Considerable research has gone on in recent years into exactly what happens in the language classroom--what and how learners learn, what teachers actually do, and what kind of events take place. Sometimes the findings show that what happens is not what is expected when lessons are being prepared and taught. Allwright and Bailey set out to define the aims, principles, and objectives of classroom research, to describe the findings and relate these to teaching practice. All teachers will find in this book much that they can relate to their classrooms. It contains points to discuss, suggestions for further reading, and mini-projects, all of which can either be carried out by the individual reader or by teachers working in groups.
The concept of culture, now such an important term within both the arts and the sciences, is a legacy of the nineteenth century. By closely analyzing writings by evolutionary scientists such as Charles Darwin, Alfred Russell Wallace, and Herbert Spencer, alongside those of literary figures including Wordsworth, Coleridge, Arnold, Butler, and Gosse, David Amigoni shows how the modern concept of 'culture' developed out of the interdisciplinary interactions between literature, philosophy, anthropology, colonialism, and, in particular, Darwin's theories of evolution. He goes on to explore the relationship between literature and evolutionary science by arguing that culture was seen less as a singular idea or concept, and more as a field of debate and conflict. This fascinating book includes much material on the history of evolutionary thought and its cultural impact, and will be of interest to scholars of intellectual and scientific history as well as of literature.
The affective domain and the emotional factors that influence language learning have been of interest in the field of language teaching for a number of years. By proposing a holistic approach to the learning process, this volume takes the position that the language learning experience will be much more effective when both affect and cognition are considered. The eighteen chapters discuss issues such as memory, anxiety, self-esteem, facilitation, autonomy, classroom activities, and assessment from the perspective of affect.
Although the written law of the EEC was drafted primarily to regulate the trading activities of corporations and member states, the European Court is intervening with increasing frequency in the wider affairs of the citizens of Europe. In particular the Court has become notable for its practice of applying general principles of law to individuals' grievances. This book is a close examination of the key cases in which some of the most important principles of European law have been applied to individuals. The principles examined are those of legal certainty, equality, proportionality and the right to a fair hearing. The individual rights to which these principles have been applied are the free movements of persons, social security rights and sexual equality. Anthony Arnull's book is both a scholarly appraisal of the successes and failures of the application of general principles of law, and a vital addition to the libraries of academic and practising lawyers for whom the addition of a European dimension represents the most important change in their profession this century.
Contains four sets of papers for the Cambridge Certificate in Advanced English Examination (CAE), with the material presented as in the examination. The examination is described, the way the answers are assessed is explained and guidance is offered on useful extension work.
Taken from the poverty of her parents' home in Portsmouth, Fanny Price is brought up with her rich cousins at Mansfield Park, acutely aware of her humble rank and with her cousin Edmund as her sole ally. During her uncle's absence in Antigua, the Crawford's arrive in the neighbourhood bringing with them the glamour of London life and a reckless taste for flirtation. Mansfield Park is considered Jane Austen's first mature work and, with its quiet heroine and subtle examination of social position and moral integrity, one of her most profound.
Published in 1818, after the author's death, this novel re-affirms her belief that true love is the only acceptable basis for matrimony. Eight years ago pretty Anne Eliot was persuaded to break her engagement to impecunious Frederick Wentworth. Now he re-appears, rich and successful, and Anne is twenty-seven. In striving for their eventual reconciliation Anne must overcome many hazards, not least of which is the affection that Frederick develops for Henrietta and Louisa, two lively young charmers...
One of the most universally loved and admired English novels, "Pride and Prejudice" was penned as a popular entertainment. But the consummate artistry of Jane Austen (1775–1817) transformed this effervescent tale of rural romance into a witty, shrewdly observed satire of English country life that is now regarded as one of the principal treasures of English language.
Though not the first novel she wrote, "Sense and Sensibility" was the first Jane Austen published. Though she initially called it Elinor and Marianne, Austen jettisoned both the title and the epistolary mode in which it was originally written, but kept the essential theme: the necessity of finding a workable middle ground between passion and reason. The story revolves around the Dashwood sisters, Elinor and Marianne. Whereas the former is a sensible, rational creature, her younger sister is wildly romantic--a characteristic that offers Austen plenty of scope for both satire and compassion.
This book relates language testing practice to current views of communicative language teaching and testing. It builds on the theoretical background expounded in Bachman's Fundamental Considerations in Language Testing and examines the design, planning, and organization of tests. The book is divided into three sections which discuss 1) objectives and expectations, the context of language testing, and the abilities to be tested; 2) the process of test development, including blueprints, resources, operationalization, and scoring methods; and 3) ten examples which illustrate the principles discussed in Parts One and Two.